Propaganda Joseph Goebbels, at Łódź on Goebbels declared that "The. Polish Underground State saved much of Poland's most valuable cultural treasures, and worked to salvage as many cultural institutions and artifacts as possible. 299 a b c Madajczyk 1970,. . 127 Influence on postwar culture edit Rozstrzelanie V (Execution by Firing Squad, V) (1949) by Andrzej Wróblewski, set in German-occupied Poland See also: Cultural representations of the Warsaw Uprising The wartime attempts to destroy Polish culture may have strengthened it instead. 13 Meanwhile, a compulsory registration scheme for writers and artists was introduced in August 1940. 91 Throughout Poland, many other universities and institutions of higher education (of music, theater, arts, and others) continued their classes throughout the war. 48 Cinemas, now under the control of the German propaganda machine, saw their programming dominated by Nazi German movies, which were preceded by propaganda newsreels. In November 1940, the Poles of Lwów observed the 85th anniversary of Adam Mickiewicz 's death.
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||34 To forestall the rise of a new generation of educated Poles, German officials decreed that the schooling of Polish children would be limited to a few years of elementary education. 10 As all profits from Polish cinemas were officially directed toward German war production, attendance was discouraged by the Polish underground; a famous underground slogan declared: " Tylko świnie siedzą w kinie " Only pigs attend the movies. 223 Salmonowicz 1994,. . 95 Print edit Further information: Polish literature during World War II Der Klabautermann, an Operation N periodical for Germans. 113 Patriotic puppet shows were staged.
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108 Underground postage stamps were designed and issued. 4 The Soviet authorities regarded service to the prewar Polish state as a "crime against revolution" 61 and "counter-revolutionary activity" 62 and arrested many members of the Polish intelligentsia, politicians, civil servants and academics, as well as ordinary persons. German policy constituted a crash-Germanization of the populace. 29 Portrait of a Young Man, by Raphael,. 97 Hans Frank noted in 1944 that although Polish teachers were a "mortal enemy" of the German states, they could not all be disposed of immediately.
43 Classes and schools were to be merged, Polish teachers dismissed, and the resulting savings used to sponsor the creation of schools for children of the German minority or to create barracks for German troops. 215, 221 Salmonowicz 1994,. . (2005 Life in the Ghettos During the Holocaust, Syracuse University Press, isbn Szarota, Tomasz (1988 Okupowanej Warszawy dzień powszedni (in Polish Czytelnik,. . Education and the Second World War: Studies in Schooling and Social Change, Falmer Press, isbn Kremer,. 23 Over 516,000 individual art pieces were taken, including 2,800 paintings by European painters; 11,000 works by Polish painters; 1,400 sculptures, 75,000 manuscripts, 25,000 maps, and 90,000 books (including over 20,000 printed before 1800 as well as hundreds of thousands of other objects of artistic and historic value. 225 Salmonowicz 1994,. . Melchior Wańkowicz wrote about the Polish contribution to the capture of Monte Cassino in Italy. 1 2, policies aimed at cultural genocide resulted in the deaths of thousands of scholars and artists, and the theft and destruction of innumerable cultural artifacts. 40 In the eastern territories not included in the General Government ( Bezirk Bialystok, Reichskommissariat Ostland and Reichskommissariat Ukraine ) many primary schools were closed, and most education was conducted in non-Polish languages such as Ukrainian, Belorussian, and Lithuanian. 10 Indeed, a number of propaganda pieces were created for theater stages. Paper presented at the Fourth Meeting of Comparative Hispano-Polish History, Logroño (La Rioja, Spain). 28 Dozens of monuments were destroyed throughout Poland. 155156 Salmonowicz 1994,. . 65 The Soviets quickly Sovietized the annexed lands, introducing compulsory collectivization. 45 Moreover, the sale of Jewish literature was banned throughout Poland. 38 As Polish-Canadian historian Piotr Wróbel noted, citing British historians. 133134 a b c d e f g Madajczyk 1970,. . Jak za Jaremy i Krzywonosa, Gazeta Wyborcza. 86 ilmaiset sex seksiseuraa imatra
It is estimated that in some rural areas, the educational coverage was actually improved (most likely as courses were being organized in some cases by teachers escaped or deported from the cities). 27275 a b c d Salmonowicz 1994,. . Every day, pupils have to study in several shifts.