353,000 civilians were killed in Allied air raids. Under the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring, enacted on, over 400,000 individuals underwent compulsory sterilisation. The average class size increased from 37 in 1927 to 43 in 1938 due to the resulting teacher shortage. By the end of 1942, the stringent selection and racial requirements that had initially been in place were no longer followed. From, members of the armed forces were required to pledge an oath of unconditional obedience to Hitler personally. 72 Polish cultural activities in Minsk and Wilno were less organized. But little other activity occurred until May, so the period became known as the " Phoney War ". Soviet forces continued to push westward after the failed German offensive at the Battle of Kursk in the summer of 1943. In 1943 alone, 9,000,000 tons of cereals, 2,000,000 tonnes (2,000,000 long tons; 2,200,000 short tons) of fodder, 3,000,000 tonnes (3,000,000 long tons; 3,300,000 short tons) of potatoes, and 662,000 tonnes (652,000 long tons; 730,000 short tons) of meats were sent back to Germany.
He expected officials to "work towards the Führer" to take the initiative in promoting policies and actions in line with party goals and Hitler's wishes, without his involvement in day-to-day decision-making. Hitler, who narrowly survived, later ordered savage reprisals resulting in the execution of more than 4,900 people. 22 32 During World War II Poland lost 39 to 45 of its physicians and dentists, 26 to 57 of its lawyers, 15 to 30 of its teachers, 30 to 40 of its scientists and university professors, and 18 to 28 of its clergy. The Nazis would take from the Jews their wealth, their right to intermarry with non-Jews, and their right to occupy many fields of labour (such as law, medicine, or education). The reasoning behind this policy was clearly articulated by a Nazi gauleiter : "In my district, any Pole who shows signs of intelligence will be shot." 22 As part of their program to suppress Polish culture, the German Nazis attempted. 158160 Salmonowicz 1994,. . The previous imperial black, white, and red tricolour was restored as one of Germany's two official flags; the second was the swastika flag of the nsdap, which became the sole national flag in 1935. Concentration camp inmates were made available for purchase by pharmaceutical companies for drug testing and other experiments.
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115 Polish underground artists included Eryk Lipiński, Stanisław Miedza-Tomaszewski, Stanisław Ostoja-Chrostowski, and Konstanty Maria Sopoćko. In concert with other aircraft manufacturers and under the direction of Aviation Minister Göring, production was ramped. A total of 23,000 Romani were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp, of whom 19,000 died. Clergy, nuns and lay leaders were targeted, with thousands of arrests over the ensuing years, often on trumped-up charges of currency smuggling or immorality. On 2 May, General Helmuth Weidling unconditionally surrendered Berlin to Soviet General Vasily Chuikov. In spite of pressure from the League and various government ministries, most university professors did not make changes to their lectures or syllabus during the Nazi period. Attempting to avoid war, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arranged a series of meetings, the result of which was the Munich Agreement, signed on 29 September 1938. As the market was experiencing a glut and prices for petroleum were low, in 1933 the Nazi government made a profit-sharing agreement with IG Farben, guaranteeing them a 5 percent return on capital invested in their synthetic oil plant at Leuna. Jak za Jaremy i Krzywonosa, Gazeta Wyborcza.
Destroyed in Warsaw, September 1939. The failed Ardennes Offensive (16 December 1944 ) was the last major German offensive on the western front, and Soviet sarita porno mies katsoo pornoa
forces entered Germany on 27 January. 7 10 Spectacles of "low quality including those of an erotic or pornographic nature, were however an exceptionthose were to be popularized to appease the population and to show the world the "real" Polish culture as well. 38 As Polish-Canadian historian Piotr Wróbel noted, citing British historians. 46 Wehrmacht soldiers destroying Polish government insignia in Gdynia, September 1939 Poles were forbidden, under penalty of death, to own radios. He ordered that those of Germanic descent who refused to be classified as ethnic Germans should be deported to concentration camps, have their children taken away, or be assigned to forced labour. The occupation lasted until 1949, when the countries of East Germany and West Germany were created. 38 It was expected that Polish children would begin to work once they finished their primary education at age 12. As the production of consumer goods had been cut back, women left those industries for employment in the war economy. With the outbreak of World War II, the SS Einsatzgruppen units followed the army into Poland and the Soviet Union, where from 1941 to 1945 they killed more than two million people, including.3 million Jews. 97 Hans Frank noted in 1944 that although Polish teachers were a "mortal enemy" of the German states, they could not all be disposed of immediately. Hundreds of camps of varying size and function were created by the end of the war. The Nazis exploited other conquered nations in a similar way.