in the Middle East. 980) a b Bokenkotter,. 262 Holy orders and women Main articles: Ordination of women in the Catholic Church and Women in the Catholic Church Women and men religious engage in a variety of occupations, from contemplative prayer, to teaching, to providing health care, to working as missionaries. 257 According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, The number of men and women who have deep-seated homosexual tendencies is not negligible. Napoleon later re-established the Catholic Church in France through the Concordat of 1801. It is described as "the source and summit of the Christian life". The Catholic Church and the Holocaust. A sacramental marriage, once consummated, cannot be dissolved except by death. " cceo, Canons 151154". New York: Oxford University Press. And the Protestant Reformation. In his encyclical Humanae vitae 247 (1968 Pope Paul VI firmly rejected all contraception, thus contradicting dissenters in the church that saw the birth control pill as an ethically justifiable method of contraception, though he permitted the regulation. 114 115 This teaching also attests to another day when Christ will sit in universal judgement of all mankind.